New IOC Executive Secretary Dr. Vladimir Ryabinin
Mr Vladimir Ryabinin (Russian Federation) has been appointed to the post of Executive Secretary of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC), at the level of Assistant Director-General (ADG).
Mr Ryabinin is the holder of a Senior Doctorate in Physical and Mathematical Sciences (Oceanography and Geophysics) from the Supreme Attestation Committee of the Russian Federation in Moscow, obtained in April 1995, and has professional certifications as an Engineer-Oceanographer from the Leningrad Hydrometeorological Institute (June 1978) and as a Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (equivalent to PhD, September 1982) with the Supreme Attestation Committee (USSR).
Mr Ryabinin began his professional career in July 1978 first as a Postgraduate with the Hydrometcentre of Russia (Moscow) conducting theoretical studies of the ocean circulation and variability. Later, as a Senior and Principal Researcher, he was involved in studies of the role of the ocean in climate under the USSR ocean research programme “Sections”. Mr Ryabinin was one of the creators of the first Soviet technology for numerical weather prediction for medium ranges (up to a week) implemented in the mid-1980s. From 1989-1993, he developed a spectral model for the prediction of wind waves on the ocean surface. From July 1996 to September 1998, Mr Ryabinin was the Head of the Laboratory for Marine Forecasting Research and Coordinator of national research on marine forecasting. During this period, he was one of the main developers of the Federal Program “World Ocean”.
In October 1998, Mr Ryabinin was appointed Principal Scientist with the Euro-Mediterranean Centre on Insular Coastal Dynamics (ICoD) based in Malta where he was involved in two EU projects aimed at marine meteorological support for remote detection, prediction of drift and combat of oil spills in the Mediterranean Sea, a position held until December 2000. Mr Ryabinin subsequently joined, in January 2001, the International Ocean Institute (IOI) in Malta, initially as a Consultant, and later as its Executive Director.
Since November 2001, Mr Ryabinin is a Senior Scientific Officer (P-5 level) in the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) and a staff member of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO, Geneva, Switzerland), where he is responsible for the international coordination of climate research with a focus on the polar regions and cryosphere, oceans, sea level, stratosphere, atmospheric chemistry and climate, and contribution of research into the creation of climate services.
Mr Ryabinin has authored and/or co-authored a monograph, several articles and publications, mostly in the domains of oceanography, meteorology and climate. He was a lecturer at the Moscow State University and has participated in several research and offshore engineering projects including the International Polar Year 2007-2008. More recently, he has been a lead author of the Global Environment Outlook (GEO5, 2012), Chapter on the Earth System challenges, and an expert/member/chair in a number of international working groups, committees and research councils.
Mr Ryabinin will take up his duties on 1 March 2015
World Conference on Marine Biodiversity 2014
World Conference on Marine Biodiversity 2014
It gives us great pleasure to invite you to the World Conference on Marine Biodiversity 2014 (http://wcmb2014.csp.escience.cn) to be held at Qingdao, China during the 12th and 16th of Oct. with the theme of 'Life in the Changing Ocean'.
WCMB-2014 will take the form of keynote lectures, oral presentations, posters and exhibitions. It will cover topics from recent breakthroughs in Marine Biodiversity. WCMB-2014 will continue to provide a platform for marine scientists to debate on the issues affecting the progress of this emerging field and identify the challenges and opportunities facing the development of marine biodiversity.
We have 6 themes & 12 special sessions:
Theme 1: Marine Biodiversity & Global change
Theme 2: Marine Ecosystem Structure & Function
Theme 3: Marine Ecosystem Safety
Theme 4: Marine Biological Observation
Theme 5: Marine Biological Resources
Theme 6: Deep sea Biodiversity
UNESCO DG Message World Water Day
Message from Ms Irina Bokova, UNESCO DG on the Ocassion of the World Water Day, 22 March 2014
Water is fundamental to life and is the common denominator of all sustainable development challenges. We need water to produce food and we need water to produce energy. Improving access to freshwater is about enabling millions of girls to go to school instead of walking kilometres to fetch water. It is about improving maternal health, curbing child mortality and preserving the environment.
We need to better understand the complex interactions between resources that are closely interlinked, such as water, food and energy. And we must acknowledge that it is impossible to manage these resources sustainably if we treat them in isolation. Each mode of energy production has implications for the quantity and quality of water available. The choices made in one sector have repercussions on the other, for better and for worse. The World Water Development Report released today confirms, for example, that people who lack electricity are also those who lack water. This is no mere coincidence – water is required to produce energy, and energy is required to sanitize and convey water. Both are essential to human wellbeing and sustainable development.
Sustainability depends on our ability to understand all these connections and to develop more relevant policies that take an integrated approach to interconnected resources. The challenge is all the greater as the demand for water and energy is soaring, particularly in emerging economies, where agriculture, industry and cities are developing at a tremendous pace. We must find ways to ensure access to water and energy in sufficient quantity and quality, in a sustainable way.
Sustainability also requires better cooperation between all water stakeholders – policymakers, scientists and businesses, both public and private, who all too often
ignore each other while in reality they depend on each other. The International Year
of Water Cooperation in 2013 set important milestones. The initiative on sanitation
of Mr Jan Eliasson, United Nations Deputy Secretary-General, also calls for greater
collective action for the better management of human waste and wastewater. Poor
sanitation has devastating consequences, particularly for children, and the key to
the problem includes energy.
There is enough water in the world for everyone. What we continue to lack is better
governance and the collective courage to craft fair compromise solutions. These
should be based on research results and reliable data. UNESCO will continue to
commit its resources to this cause, in particular through our International
Hydrological Programme, the Institute for Water Education in Delft, our centres and
Chairs specialized in water, and the data from the World Water Assessment
Programme, which are all ways of building capacity, carrying out research and
sharing good practices. Together, we can better integrate water and sanitation and
the link between water and energy as positive levers for sustainable development.
Quiet Green Revolution
Quiet Green Revolution starts to make some noise!
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The formation of the UN Scientific Advisory Board is an important step towards integrating global sustainability efforts, says Owen Gaffney.
This week sees the first meeting of a board of scientific experts set up to advise UN secretary-general Ban Ki-moon. In a modest way, it is a historic move — never before has the head of the United Nations had what amounts to a team of chief scientific advisers. Furthermore, the meeting in Berlin marks one of the first outward signs of a quiet international revolution that is building new bridges between science and policy.
Each member of the board will serve for two years, and is supposed to act independently, rather than lobbying for his or her nation. Among the 26 scientists are Abdul Hamid Zakri, science adviser to the prime minister of Malaysia and chair of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services; Brazilian Earth-system scientist Carlos Nobre; and Bulgarian global environmental governance expert Maria Ivanova.
The inclusion of political scientists is a bold move reflecting a growing awareness that the governance arrangements of the twentieth century are struggling to cope with the challenges of the twenty-first. That failing was highlighted repeatedly at the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, last week.
The board has its origins in the UN report Resilient People, Resilient Planet, published for the Rio+20 conference on sustainable development in 2012, which recommended that “the Secretary- General should consider naming a chief scientific adviser or establishing a scientific advisory board with diverse knowledge”. But it can also be seen as a response to another 2012 UN report, the damning 21 Issues for the 21st Century, which highlighted what it called broken bridges between science and policy. It identified a lack of “meeting points” between scientists and politicians that is causing knowledge to remain locked in silos. As a result, the link between science and society becomes strained and public confidence — in climate science for example — is weakened.
Partly because of the size of the UN and partly because of how it has evolved, myriad commissions, programmes and organizations work on what can be grouped under the heading of sustainable development. This makes it difficult to coordinate policies. Worse, some are in direct conflict. The World Bank, for example, has invested in energy projects that fly in the face of efforts to reduce carbon emissions.
Reform will take time, and the problems run deeper than the links between science and policy. Greater change is under way: Ban announced the scientific advisory board last September at the first meeting of the UN High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, the flagship that he hopes will bring about much-needed coordination.
Political fragmentation has a knock-on effect on international science programmes: when researchers work with the UN, we are forced to deal with issues in the same silos it does. But when it comes to global sustainability, the environment can no longer be separated from economic growth, nor can action on food security be separated from action on biodiversity.
A significant strength of the new advisory board is that it will form a bridge between the UN and international research. The timing is good. The landscape of international Earth-system and sustainable-development research is itself undergoing major reform, spearheaded by the ten-year research programme Future Earth, which is bringing together all the major players. As Future Earth develops its science plan, the advisory board has within its remit to identify “knowledge gaps” that could be addressed by “international research programs, e.g., the emerging ‘Future Earth’”. The scene is set for these two initiatives to lock together like a jigsaw puzzle.
Future Earth integrates networks including the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP), the DIVERSITAS biodiversity programme and the International Human Dimensions Programme. The latter two will close this year and, after 28 years, the IGBP is scheduled to close its doors in 2015.
It is early days for Future Earth, but the ambition is clear: its architects argue that there needs to be an urgent shift in international science, from a focus on understanding the Earth system and how humans interact with it to meeting the needs of 10 billion people as Earth’s life-support system is transformed. This is not so much bridge repair as construction of an entirely new bridge.
As such, planning is detailed, negotiations protracted, the lag between idea and implementation drawn out. Traditionally, international science programmes have had few links with engineering, technology and business, but this is where the solutions to modern problems will be found. Whole new networks need to emerge.
This, too, is happening. Immediately following Rio+20, Ban set up the Sustainable Development Solutions Network, led by US economist Jeffrey Sachs. This is a global network of research centres, universities and businesses tasked with innovative problem-solving. With a direct line to the secretary-general’s office and Future Earth, it has already built much momentum.
Taken together, these initiatives and the appointment of the UN scientific advisory board will inject energy into a tired system. This is worth celebrating — not least because it creates a mechanism for ongoing reform, rather than having to wait 20 years for the next Earth summit. ■
Owen Gaffney is director of communications at the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme in Stockholm.
WHEN IT COMES TO GLOBAL SUSTAINABILITY, THE ENVIRONMENT CAN NO LONGER BE SEPARATED FROM ECONOMIC GROWTH.
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IODE Quality Management Framework
IODE Quality Management Framework