Suriname

Geography:

  • Location:
    • A Republic Of North-Eastern South America, Bounded On The North By The Atlantic Ocean, On The East By French Guiana, On The South By Brazil, And On The West By Guyana.
  • Area:
    • Total: 163,270 Sq Km
    • Land: 161,470 Sq Km
    • Water: 1,800 Sq Km
  • Coastline:
    • 386 km
  • Maritime Claims:
    • Exclusive Economic Zone: 200 NM
    • Territorial Sea: 12 NM
  • Natural Resources:
    • Timber, Hydropower, Fish, Kaolin, Shrimp, Bauxite, Gold, And Small Amounts Of Nickel, Copper, Platinum, Iron Ore

People:

  • Population: 435,449 (July 2003 est.)
  • Nationality:
    • noun: Surinamer(s)
    • adjective: Surinamese
  • Ethnic groups: Hindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 37%, Creole (mixed white and black) 31%, Javanese 15%, "Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 10%, Amerindian 2%, Chinese 2%, white 1%, other 2%
  • Religions: Hindu 27.4%, Muslim 19.6%, Roman Catholic 22.8%, Protestant 25.2% (predominantly Moravian), indigenous beliefs 5%
  • Languages: Dutch (official), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese

Government:

  • Country name:
    • conventional long form: Republic of Suriname
    • conventional short form: Suriname
    • former: Netherlands Guiana, Dutch Guiana
    • local long form: Republiek Suriname
  • Government type: constitutional democracy
  • Capital: Paramaribo
  • Administrative divisions: 10 districts (distrikten, singular - distrikt); Brokopondo, Commewijne, Coronie, Marowijne, Nickerie, Para, Paramaribo, Saramacca, Sipaliwini, Wanica
  • International organization participation: ACP, Caricom, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDB, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OIC, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

Economy:

  • Inflation rate (consumer prices): 17% (2002 est.)
  • Industries: bauxite and gold mining, alumina production, oil, lumbering, food processing, fishing
  • Agriculture - products: paddy rice, bananas, palm kernels, coconuts, plantains, peanuts; beef, chickens; forest products; shrimp
  • Exports: $445 million f.o.b. (2002)
  • Exports - commodities: alumina, crude oil, lumber, shrimp and fish, rice, bananas
  • Imports: $300 million f.o.b. (2002)
  • Imports - commodities: capital equipment, petroleum, foodstuffs, cotton, consumer goods
  • Currency: Surinamese guilder (SRG)

National Policy:

  • Marine Affairs Policy
  • Marine Science & Research Policy
  • Coastal Area Policy
  • Environment Policy

Institutional Structure:


       
      For updated information about Suriname visit its Central Intelligence Agency Fact Sheet.