St. Lucia

Geography:

  • Location:
    • Independent island state, one of the Windward Islands, West Indies, aouth-eastern Caribbean Sea, between Martinique on the north and Saint Vincent on the south.
  • Area:
    • Total: 616 sq km
    • Water: 10 sq km
    • Land: 606 sq km
    • Coastline: 158 km
  • Maritime Claims:
    • Contiguous Zone: 24 NM
    • Territorial Sea: 12 NM
    • Exclusive Economic Zone: 200 NM
    • Continental Shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
  • Natural Resources:
    • Forests, sandy beaches, minerals (pumice), mineral springs, geothermal potential

People:

  • Population:162,157 (July 2003 est.)
  • Nationality:
    • noun: Saint Lucian(s)
    • adjective: Saint Lucian
  • Ethnic groups: black 90%, mixed 6%, East Indian 3%, white 1%
  • Religions: Roman Catholic 90%, Anglican 3%, other Protestant 7%
  • Languages: English (official), French patois

Government:

  • Country name:
    • conventional short form: Saint Lucia
  • Government type: Westminster-style parliamentary democracy
  • Capital: Castries
  • Administrative divisions: 11 quarters; Anse-la-Raye, Castries, Choiseul, Dauphin, Dennery, Gros-Islet, Laborie, Micoud, Praslin, Soufriere, Vieux-Fort
  • International organization participation: ACCT, ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

Economy:

  • Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3% (2001 est.)
  • Industries: clothing, assembly of electronic components, beverages, corrugated cardboard boxes, tourism, lime processing, coconut processing
  • Agriculture - products: bananas, coconuts, vegetables, citrus, root crops, cocoa
  • Exports: $68.3 million (2000 est.)
  • Exports - commodities: bananas 41%, clothing, cocoa, vegetables, fruits, coconut oil
  • Imports: $319.4 million (2000 est.)
  • Imports - commodities: food 23%, manufactured goods 21%, machinery and transportation equipment 19%, chemicals, fuels
  • Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)

National Policy:

  • Marine Affairs Policy

    International Marine Affairs: The Government of St. Lucia has participated in the ratification of UN Convention of the Law of the Sea in 1985; has had representation at the World Fisheries Conference in 1984 and is actively represented at the World Whaling Commission. It signed the Action Plan for the Caribbean prepared by UNEP.

    National Marine Affairs: A 5 year Fisheries Development Plan (1984-1989) was signed to promote the grow of the fishing industry of St. Lucia by the reduction of the cost of producing fish and the increase of annual yield of fish and fish products by creating better market conditions. The protection of certain gradually declining marine species populations such as turtles, conch,sea urchins ...etc., has promoted the imposition of closed seasons for these fisheries (St .Lucia, A Marine Science Country Profile, IOC).

  • Marine Science & Research Policy
  • Coastal Area Policy
  • Environment Policy

    There is growing concern about environmental quality in St. Lucia. Advocacy of environmentally sound policies is common among government ministries responsible for the promotion of environmental issues. These are complemented by parastatal organizations having sectoral responsibilities, also an array of international and regional agencies, multi-national and local companies, plus especial interest groups (St. Lucia, A Marine Science Country Profile, IOC).

Institutional Structure:

    Fisheries Management Unit (FMU) Ministry of Agriculture, Lands, Fisheries and Co-operatives
    Manoel Street, Castries, St. Lucia
    Telephone: (1-809) 452-3987
    Cable: FISH MANAGEMENT
    Telefax/facsimile: (1-809) 453-6314

    Ministry of Agriculture, Lands, Fisheries and Forestry
    Sans Souci, Castries, St.Lucia
    Telephone: 7584526172
    Fax: 7584523853

    Caribbean Environmental Health Institute (CEHI)
    Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
    Morne Fortune, P.O.Box 1111. Castries, St Lucia
    Telephone: (1-809) 452-1412/2501
    Cable: CARENHI ST. LUCIA
    Telex: 6248 OECAS for CEHI
    Telefax/facsimile: (1-809) 452-5313

    Sir Arthur Lewis Community College Ministry of Education
    P.O. Box 709 Castries, St. Lucia
    Telephone: 7584518746
    Fax: 7584522506

    Government Ministries

    Prime Minister's Office
    Government Buildings
    Castries, Saint Lucia, WI
    Tel: 758 452 2611 Fax: 758 453 7352

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Trade
    Government Buildings
    Castries, Saint Lucia, WI
    Tel: 758 452 1178 Fax: 758 452 7427

    Ministry of Finance and Planning
    Government Building
    Castries, Saint Lucia, WI
    Tel: 758 452 5315 Fax: 758 452 2506 Finance
    Tel: 758 452 4266 Fax : 758 452 2506 Planning

    Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Consumer Affairs
    Government Building
    Castries, Saint Lucia, WI
    Tel: 758 452 2627 Fax: 758 453 7347

    Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport
    Micoud Street
    Castries, Saint Lucia, WI
    Tel: 758 453 2647 Fax: 758 453 2299

    Ministry of Agriculture, Lands, Fisheries and the Environment
    Manoel Street
    Castries, Saint Lucia, WI
    Tel: 758 452 2526 Fax : 758 453 6314

    Ministry of Communications, Works and Transport
    Micoud Street
    Castries, Saint Lucia, WI
    Tel: 758 452 2429 Fax: 758 453 2769

    Ministry of Personnel, Establishment and Training
    P O Box 709
    Government Building
    Conway, Castries, Saint Lucia, WI
    Tel: 758 452 3201 Fax: 758 452 2506

    Ministry of Health, Human Services, Family Affairs and Women
    Government Building
    Conway, Castries, Saint Lucia, WI
    Tel: 758 452 2611 Fax: 758 452 5655

    Ministry of Community Development, Culture, Local Government and Cooperatives
    Government Building
    Conway, Castries, Saint Lucia, WI
    Tel: 758 453 1725 Fax: 758 453 7921

    Ministry of Legal Affairs, Home Affairs and Labour
    Government Building
    Conway, Castries, Saint Lucia, WI
    Tel: 758 452 3772 Fax: 758 453 6315

    Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation
    Government Building
    Conway, Castries, Saint Lucia, WI
    Tel: 758 452 2611 Fax: 758 451 7414 / 6986

    National Heroes Park Commitee
    c/o Ministry of Community Development, Culture, Local Government & Co-operatives
    Greaham Louisy Administrative Building, 4th Floor
    Waterfront
    Castries, Saint Lucia, W.I.
    Tel: 001 758 453 1487 Fax: 001 758 453 7921
    http://www.lucianheros.i.am

    National Focal Point for IOCARIBE
    Mrs.Alison King-Joseph
    Permanent Secretary
    Environment Section
    Ministry of Planning, Development, Environment and Housing
    Greaham Louisy Administrative Building
    The Waterfront
    P.O. Box 709
    Castries
    St. Lucia, West Indies
    Tel: (758) 468 4459 / 468 4401 / 451 8746
    Fax: (758) 451 6958 / 452 2056
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For more information about Saint Lucia visit its Central Intelligence Agency Factsheet.