Haiti

Geography:

  • Location:
    • Independent State Of The West Indies, Occupying The Western Third Of The Island Of Hispaniola. Is Bounded On The North By The Atlantic Ocean, On The East By The Dominican Republic, On The South By The Caribbean Sea, And On The West By The Windward Passage, Which Separates It From Cuba.
  • Area:
    • Total: 27,750 sq km
    • Land: 27,560 sq km
    • Water: 190 sq km
  • Coastline:
    • 1,771 Km
  • Maritime Claims:
    • Contiguous Zone: 24 NM
    • Territorial Sea: 12 NM
    • Continental Shelf: To Depth Of Exploitation
    • Exclusive Economic Zone: 200 NM
  • Natural Resources:
    • Bauxite, Copper, Calcium Carbonate, Gold, Marble, Hydropower

People:

  • Population: 702,100
    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2003 est.)
  • Nationality:
    • noun: Guyanese (singular and plural)
    • adjective: Guyanese
  • Ethnic groups: East Indian 50%, black 36%, Amerindian 7%, white, Chinese, and mixed 7%
  • Religions: Christian 50%, Hindu 35%, Muslim 10%, other 5%
  • Languages: English, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu

Government:

  • Country name:
    • conventional long form: Co-operative Republic of Guyana
  • conventional short form: Guyana
  • former: British Guiana
  • Government type: republic within the Commonwealth
  • Capital: Georgetown
  • Administrative divisions: 10 regions; Barima-Waini, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Demerara-Mahaica, East Berbice-Corentyne, Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Mahaica-Berbice, Pomeroon-Supenaam, Potaro-Siparuni, Upper Demerara-Berbice, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo
  • International organization participation: ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OIC, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

Economy:

  • Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.7% (2002 est.)
  • Industries: bauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining
  • Agriculture - products: sugar, rice, wheat, vegetable oils; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish (shrimp)
  • Exports: $500 million f.o.b. (2002)
  • Exports - commodities: sugar, gold, bauxite/alumina, rice, shrimp, molasses, rum, timber
  • Imports: $575 million c.i.f. (2002)
  • Imports - commodities: manufactures, machinery, petroleum, food
  • Currency: Guyanese dollar (GYD)

National Policy:

  • Marine Affairs Policy
  • Marine Science & Research Policy
  • Coastal Area Policy
  • Environment Policy

Institutional Structure:


For updated information about Haiti visit their Central Intelligence Agency Factsheet.