Guyana

Geography:

  • Location:
    • Republic On The Northern Coast Of South America, Bounded On The North By The Atlantic Ocean, On The East By Suriname, On The South By Brazil, And On The West By Brazil And Venezuela.
  • Area:
    • Total: 214,970 sq km
    • Water: 18,120 sq km
    • Land: 196,850 sq km
  • Coastline:
    • 459 Km
  • Maritime Claims:
    • Continental Shelf: 200 NM or to the outer edge Of the continental margin
    • Exclusive Economic Zone: 200 NM
    • Territorial Sea: 12 NM
  • Natural Resources: Bauxite, Gold, Diamonds, Hardwood Timber, Biodiversity, Shrimp, Fish.

People:

  • Population: 702,100
    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2003 est.)
  • Nationality:
    • noun: Guyanese (singular and plural)
    • adjective: Guyanese
  • Ethnic groups: East Indian 50%, black 36%, Amerindian 7%, white, Chinese, and mixed 7%
  • Religions: Christian 50%, Hindu 35%, Muslim 10%, other 5%
  • Languages: English, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu

Government:

  • Country name:
    • conventional long form: Co-operative Republic of Guyana
    • conventional short form: Guyana
    • former: British Guiana
  • Government type: republic within the Commonwealth
  • Capital: Georgetown
  • Administrative divisions: 10 regions; Barima-Waini, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Demerara-Mahaica, East Berbice-Corentyne, Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Mahaica-Berbice, Pomeroon-Supenaam, Potaro-Siparuni, Upper Demerara-Berbice, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo
  • International organization participation: ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OIC, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

Economy:

  • Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.7% (2002 est.)
  • Industries: bauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining
  • Agriculture - products: sugar, rice, wheat, vegetable oils; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish (shrimp)
  • Exports: $500 million f.o.b. (2002)
  • Exports - commodities: sugar, gold, bauxite/alumina, rice, shrimp, molasses, rum, timber
  • Imports: $575 million c.i.f. (2002)
  • Imports - commodities: manufactures, machinery, petroleum, food
  • Currency: Guyanese Dollar (GYD)

National Policy:

  • Marine Affairs Policy
  • Marine Science & Research Policy
  • Coastal Area Policy
  • Environment Policy

Institutional Structure:


For updated information about Guyana visit their Central Intelligence Agency Factsheet.