France

France has several territories in the Caribbean Sea.

French Guiana was first settled by the French in 1604. It was the site of a notorious penal settlement until 1951. The European Space Agency launches its communication satellites from Kourou.

Guadeloupe has been a French possession since 1635.

The island of Saint Martin is shared with Netherlands; its southern portion is named Sint Maarten and is part of Netherlands Antilles and its northern portion is named Saint Martin and is part of Guadeloupe.

Martinique was colonized by France in 1635, the island has subsequently remained a French possession except for three brief periods of foreign occupation.

National Focal Point for IOCARIBE

Mr. Philippe Courtier

 Président du Comité national français de la COI

 Chef du Service de la Recherche

 Ministère de l'Ecologie, du Développement durable et de l'Energie

 Commissariat général au développement durable

 Direction de la Recherche et de l'Innovation

 Service Recherche

 Tour Voltaire

 92055 La Défense cedex

 France

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  St. Barthelemy   St. Martin  

French Guiana
Guadeloupe
Martinique

 


 

 

FRENCH GUIANA

Geography:

  • Location:
    • Overseas department of France, situated on the northeastern coast of South America. It is bounded on the north by the Atlantic Ocean, on the east and south by Brazil, and on the west by Suriname. First settled by the French in 1604, French Guiana was the site of notorious penal settlements until 1951. The European Space Agency launches its communication satellites from Kourou.
  • Area:
    • Total: 91,000 sq km
    • Water: 1,850 sq km
    • Land: 89,150 sq km
  • Coastline:
    • 378 km
  • Maritime claims:
    • Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
    • Territorial sea: 12 NM
  • Natural resources:
    • Bauxite, timber, gold (widely scattered), cinnabar, kaolin, fish

People:

  • Population: 186,917 (July 2003 est.)
  • Nationality:
    • noun: French Guianese (singular and plural)
    • adjective: French Guianese
  • Ethnic groups: black or mulatto 66%, white 12%, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian 12%, other 10%
  • Religions: Roman Catholic
  • Languages: French

Government:

  • Country name:
    • conventional long form: Department of Guiana
    • conventional short form: French Guiana
  • Dependency status: overseas department of France
  • Government type: NA
  • Capital: Cayenne
  • Administrative divisions: none (overseas department of France)
  • International organization participation: FZ, WCL, WFTU

Economy:

  • Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.5% (2002 est.)
  • Industries: construction, shrimp processing, forestry products, rum, gold mining
  • Agriculture - products: corn, rice, manioc (tapioca), sugar, cocoa, vegetables, bananas; cattle, pigs, poultry
  • Exports: $155 million f.o.b.
  • Exports - commodities: shrimp, timber, gold, rum, rosewood essence, clothing
  • Imports: $625 million c.i.f.
  • Imports - commodities: food (grains, processed meat), machinery and transport equipment, fuels and chemicals
  • Currency: Euro (EUR); French Franc (FRF)

National Policy:

  • Marine Affairs Policy
  • Marine Science & Research Policy
  • Coastal Area Policy
  • Oceanographic plans of the Center ORSTOM de Cayenne (French Guiana) with two oceanographic programmers: one concerned the coastal circulation, all along the continental shelf from French Guiana to the Caribbean Sea; the other one related to the Mean Sea Level observation along the same coast (ORSTOM, 1995).
    Environment Policy

Institutional Structure:

      Institut Francais de la Recherché pour l’Exploitation de la Mer (IFREMER) French Guiana

 

      Laboratoire Guyane. Villa Plenet, Route de Bourda, Cayenne 97300, French Guiana

 

      Telephone: (594) 310214

 

      Telex: 910358 G



      Institut National de la Recherché Agronomique CRAAG (INRA) French- Guadaloupe.

 

      Centre de Recherches Agronomiques Antilles-Guyane.

 

      Domaine Duclos, BR 1232, Pointe-a-Pitre 97184, Guadeloupe

 

      Telephone: (590) 255999/40

 

      Cable: RECHERCHARGO

 

    Telex: 919867 GL

 


 

 

GUADELOUPE

Geography:

  • Location:
    • overseas department of France, in the French West Indies, in the Eastern Caribbean Sea, off the north-western coast of South America. One of the Windward Islands.
  • Area:
    • Total: 1,780 sq km
      note: Guadeloupe is an archipelago of nine inhabited islands, including Basse-Terre, Grande-Terre, Marie-Galante, La Desirade, Iles des Saintes (2), Saint-Barthelemy, Iles de la Petite Terre, and Saint-Martin (French part of the island of Saint Martin)
    • Water: 74 sq km
    • Land: 1,706 sq km
  • Coastline:
    • 306 km
  • Maritime claims:
    • Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
    • Territorial sea: 12 NM
  • Natural resources:
    • Cultivable land, beaches and climate that foster tourism

People:

  • Population: 440,189 (July 2003 est.)
  • Nationality:
    • noun: Guadeloupian(s)
    • adjective: Guadeloupe
  • Ethnic groups: black or mulatto 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Lebanese, Chinese less than 5%
  • Religions: Roman Catholic 95%, Hindu and pagan African 4%, Protestant 1%
  • Languages: French (official) 99%, Creole patois

Government:

  • Country name:
    • conventional long form: Department of Guadeloupe
    • conventional short form: Guadeloupe
  • Dependency status: overseas department of France
  • Government type: NA
  • Capital: Basse-Terre
  • Administrative divisions: none (overseas department of France)
  • International organization participation: FZ, WCL, WFTU

Economy:

  • Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%
  • Industries: construction, cement, rum, sugar, tourism
  • Agriculture - products: bananas, sugarcane, tropical fruits and vegetables; cattle, pigs, goats
  • Exports: $140 million f.o.b. (1997)
  • Exports - commodities: bananas, sugar, rum
  • Imports: $1.7 billion c.i.f. (1997)
  • Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, fuels, vehicles, clothing and other consumer goods, construction materials
  • Currency: Euro (EUR); French Franc (FRF)

National Policy:

  • Marine Affairs Policy
  • Marine Science & Research Policy
  • Coastal Area Policy
  • Environment Policy

Institutional Structure:

      Institute National de la Recherché Agronomique CRAAG (INRA) French- Guadeloupe

 

      Centre de Recherches Agronomiques Antilles-Guyane

 

      Domaine Duclos, BR 1232, Pointe-a-Pitre 97184, Guadeloupe

 

      Telephone: (590) 255999/40

 

      Cable: RECHERCHARGO

 

    Telex: 919867 GL

 


 

 

MARTINIQUE

Geography:

  • Location:
    • Overseas department of France, in the French West Indies, in the Eastern Caribbean Sea, off the north-western coast of South America. One of the Windward Islands.
  • Area:
    • Total: 1,100 sq km
    • Water: 40 sq km
    • Land: 1,060 sq km
  • Coastline:
    • 350 km
  • Maritime claims:
    • Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
    • Territorial sea: 12 NM
  • Natural resources:
    • Coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land

People:

  • Population: 425,966 (July 2003 est.)
  • Nationality:
    • noun: Martiniquais (singular and plural)
    • adjective: Martiniquais
  • Ethnic groups: African and African-white-Indian mixture 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Chinese less than 5%
  • Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant 10.5%, Muslim 0.5%, Hindu 0.5%, other 3.5% (1997)
  • Languages: French, Creole patois

Government:

  • Country name:
    • Conventional long form: Department of Martinique
    • Conventional short form: Martinique
  • Dependency status: overseas department of France
  • Government type: NA
  • Capital: Fort-de-France
  • Administrative divisions: none (overseas department of France)
  • International organization participation: FZ, WCL, WFTU

Economy:

  • Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.9% (1990)
  • Industries: construction, rum, cement, oil refining, sugar, tourism
  • Agriculture - products: pineapples, avocados, bananas, flowers, vegetables, sugarcane
  • Exports: $250 million f.o.b. (1997)
  • Exports - commodities: refined petroleum products, bananas, rum, pineapples (2001 est.)
  • Imports: $2 billion c.i.f. (1997)
  • Imports - commodities: petroleum products, crude oil, foodstuffs, construction materials, vehicles, clothing and other consumer goods
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)

National Policy:

  • Marine Affairs Policy
  • Marine Science & Research Policy
  • Coastal Area Policy
  • Environment Policy