Cuba

Geography:

  • Location:
    • Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida
  • Area:
    • Total: 110,860 sq km
    • Water: 0 sq km
    • Land: 110,860 sq km
  • Coastline:
    • 3,735 km
  • Maritime Claims:
    • Exclusive Economic Zone: 200 NM
    • Territorial Sea: 12 NM
  • Natural Resources:
    • Cobalt, nickel, iron ore, copper, manganese, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land

People:

  • Population: 11,263,429 (July 2003 est.)
  • Nationality: Noun: Cuban(s); Adjective: Cuban
  • Ethnic groups: mulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%, Chinese 1%
  • Religions: nominally 85% Roman Catholic prior to CASTRO assuming power; Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jews, and Santeria are also represented
  • Languages: Spanish

Government:

  • Country name: Conventional long form: Republic of Cuba; Conventional short form: Cuba
  • Government type: Communist state
  • Capital: Havana
  • Administrative divisions: 14 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 special municipality* (municipio especial); Camaguey, Ciego de Avila, Cienfuegos, Ciudad de La Habana, Granma, Guantanamo, Holguin, Isla de la Juventud*, La Habana, Las Tunas, Matanzas, Pinar del Rio, Sancti Spiritus, Santiago de Cuba, Villa Clara
  • International organization participation: ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IAEA, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, NAM, OAS (excluded from formal participation since 1962), OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

Economy:

  • Inflation rate (consumer prices): 7.1% (2002 est.)
  • Industries: sugar, petroleum, tobacco, chemicals, construction, services, nickel, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, biotechnology
  • Agriculture - products: sugar, tobacco, citrus, coffee, rice, potatoes, beans; livestock
  • Exports: $1.8 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
  • Exports - commodities:
    sugar, nickel, tobacco, fish, medical products, citrus, coffee
  • Imports: $4.8 billion f.o.b. (2001 est.)
  • Imports - commodities: petroleum, food, machinery and equipment, chemicals
  • Currency: Cuban peso (CUP)

National Policy:

  • Política en Ciencias del Mar
  • Política en Investigación Marina
  • Coastal Area Policy
  • Environment Policy

Institutional Structure:

    Acuario Nacional de Cuba.
    Calle 1ra . y 60, Miramar, Playa, Ciudad de la Habana, Cuba.
    Teléfono: 537-236401-06
    Fax: 537-241442
    E mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    Agencia de Medio Ambiente (AMA)
    Calle 20 No. 4110, Esq. 18-A, e/ 41-47, Miramar, Playa, La Habana, Cuba.
    Teléfono: 537-221071
    Fax: 537-240852

    Centro de Gestión e Inspección Ambiental (CGIA)
    Calle 20 No. 4110, Esq. 18-A, e/ 41-47, Miramar, Playa, La Habana, Cuba.
    Teléfono: 537-227573
    Fax: 537-227030

    Centro de Información, Divulgación y Educación Ambiental (CIDEA).
    Calle 18-A,No. 4114 e-41/47, Miramar, Playa, La Habana, Cuba.
    Teléfono: 537-296014/200600
    Fax: 537-249031
    E mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    Centro de Investigaciones de Ecosistemas Costeros.
    Cayo Coco, Morón, Ciego de Avila, C.P. 69400, Cuba.
    Teléfono: 301161/93
    Telex: 255
    Fax: 301151

    Centro Nacional de Areas Protegidas (CNAP)
    Calle 18-A,No. 4114 e-41/47, Miramar, Playa, La Habana, Cuba.
    Teléfono: 537-227970
    Fax: 537-240798
    E mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    Comité Oceanográfico Nacional (CON)
    Calle 1ra . y 60, Miramar, Playa, Ciudad de la Habana, Cuba.
    Teléfono: 537-236401-06
    Fax: 537-241442

    Grupo Empresarial GEOCUBA.
    Calle 6, No 301, Miramar, Playa, La Habana 11300.
    Teléfono: 537-238313/295995
    Fax: 537-242869

    National Focal Point for IOCARIBE
    Dr. Guillermo García Montero
    Director Acuario Nacional
    Presidente Comité Oceanográfico Nacional de Cuba
    Ave. 1ª y Calle 60, Miramar, Playa
    La Habana, Cuba
    Tel. (537) 2049 987 / 2036 401
    Fax/Cell : (537) 209 2737
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For updated information about Cuba visit their Central Intelligence Agency Factsheet.