• Location:
    • The Bahamas comprise an archipelago of about 700 islands and islets and nearly 2400 cays and rocks, extending for about 1200 km from a point south-east of Palm Beach, Florida, to a point off the eastern tip of Cuba.
  • Area:
    • Total: 13,940 sq km
    • Water: 3,870 sq km
    • Land: 10,070 sq km
  • Coastline:
    • 3,542 km
  • Maritime claims:
    • Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
    • Territorial sea: 12 NM
  • Natural resources:
    • Salt, aragonite, timber, arable land


  • Population: 297,477
    Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2003 est.)
  • Nationality: Noun: Bahamian(s); Adjective: Bahamian
  • Ethnic groups: black 85%, white 12%, Asian and Hispanic 3%
  • Religions: Baptist 32%, Anglican 20%, Roman Catholic 19%, Methodist 6%, Church of God 6%, other Protestant 12%, none or unknown 3%, other 2%
  • Languages: English (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants)


  • Country name: Conventional long form: Commonwealth of The Bahamas; Conventional short form: The Bahamas
  • Government type: constitutional parliamentary democracy
  • Capital: Nassau
  • Administrative divisions: 21 districts; Acklins and Crooked Islands, Bimini, Cat Island, Exuma, Freeport, Fresh Creek, Governor's Harbour, Green Turtle Cay, Harbour Island, High Rock, Inagua, Kemps Bay, Long Island, Marsh Harbour, Mayaguana, New Providence, Nichollstown and Berry Islands, Ragged Island, Rock Sound, Sandy Point, San Salvador and Rum Cay
  • International organization participation: ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO (observer)


  • Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.8% (2001 est.)
  • Industries: tourism, banking, e-commerce, cement, oil refining and transshipment, salt, rum, aragonite, pharmaceuticals, spiral-welded steel pipe
  • Agriculture - products: citrus, vegetables; poultry
  • Exports: $560.7 million (2002 est.)
  • Exports - commodities: fish and crawfish; rum, salt, chemicals; fruit and vegetables
  • Imports: $1.86 billion (2002 est.)
  • Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment, manufactures, chemicals, mineral fuels; food and live animals
  • Currency: Bahamian dollar (BSD)

National Policy:

  • Marine Affairs Policy
  • Marine Science & Research Policy
  • Coastal Area Policy
  • Environment Policy

Institutional Structure:

For updated information about Bahamas visit their Central Intelligence Agency Factsheet.